Butterfly Garden Plants

 

Phlox

Phlox attracts butterflies with clusters of red, pink, lavender, salmon, or white blooms throughout the summer.

Diseases: Powdery mildew. Look for disease-resistant varieties.

Scientific Name: Phlox paniculata

Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Size: To 4 feet tall and 1 foot wide

Zones: 4-8

Grow it with: Purple coneflower — the two plants thrive in the same growing conditions and visually complement each other.

A top plant for the fall garden, aster is a heavy bloomer with colorful flowers in shades of blue, purple, pink, red, and white. Aster does double duty: The blossoms supply nectar for fall butterflies, and Pearl Crescent caterpillars feed on the plant’s leaves.

Here’s a hint: Look for newer named varieties of asters; they’re often more disease resistant and compact.

Name: Aster selections

Growing Conditions: Full sun and moist, well-drained soil

Size: To 5 feet tall and 2 feet wide, depending on type

Zones: 3-8, depending on type

Grow it with: Bloody geranium — this spring- and summer-blooming perennial develops bright red fall foliage that looks great with colorful aster flowers.

Milk Weed

MilkĀ  weed attracts Monarchs. The adults drink nectar from the plant’s summertime orange flowers, and the caterpillars eat the plant’s leaves.

Name: Asclepias tuberosa

Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Size: To 3 feet tall and 1 foot wide

Zones: 4-9

Grow it with: Liatris, another long-blooming perennial that Monarch butterflies love to visit.

Butterfly Bush

This is a low-maintenance shrub that blooms all summer. It features fragrant flowers in shades of blue, purple, and white. It can be pruned back to a stump in winter or early spring.

Scientific Name: Buddleia selections

Growing Conditions: Full sun and moist, well-drained soil

Size: To 10 feet tall and 15 feet wide, depending on type

Zones: 5-9, depending on type

Anise Hyssop

This plant is heat and drought tolerant. It is not attractive to deer and rabbits , it blooms for weeks in late summer.

Scientific Name: Agastache foeniculum

Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil

Size: To 5 feet tall and 2 feet wide

Zones: 4-10

These are plants that we have grown with hydroponics in our classroom.